About Bullying

Knowing what's right doesn't mean much unless you do what's right.• Theodore Roosevelt

It is estimated that 160,000 children miss school every day due to the fear of bullying by other students. We are obligated to do our part to create a safe environment for children, especially at school. Therefore encouraging students to report the bullying will reduce bullying and other effects of bad behavior in their school and in their community.

 


image001

 At least one in three adolescent students in Canada have reported being bullied recently, according to the Canadian Institute of Health Research, which also reports that our country has the 9th highest rate of bullying among 13-years-olds on a scale of 35 countries. As well, 47% of Canadian parents report having a child victim of bullying. Statistics Canada reports that almost 10% of Canadian adults know of a case of cyber-bullying against a child in their household; in most of these cases, the child was bullied by a classmate (40%) or a friend (20%).

Are boys bullied more than girls?

image007

Answer: Girls and boys are both affected by bullying, but in different ways, according to research compiled by PREVNet, an umbrella network of 69 leading Canadian research scientists and 55 national youth-serving organizations. Boys are more likely to be victims of physical bullying, while girls tend to experience more sexual harassment, emotional aggression and online bullying. Worldwide, boys are more likely than girls to engage in physical bullying behaviour. Girls and boys both exhibit similar levels of electronic, verbal, and social bullying.

Does bullying affect older students more than younger students?

image009

Answer: Research compiled by PREVNet shows that younger children in elementary and middle schools are more likely to bully others than older children in high school. However, physical bullying tends to decline with age, while verbal, social and cyber bullying tends to increase between the ages of 11 and 15. An exception to this trend involves children with autism: according to a July 2013 study that published in the journal Autism, older students with the developmental delay are more likely to be targeted by bullies. The researchers behind this study argue that older students want to follow group norms more closely, and so have less tolerance for the behavioural differences of classmates with autism.

Do children who are bullied experience more emotional problems than the bullies themselves?

image011

Answer: Bullied children do have more emotional problems, but bullies have their own troubles they tend to experience the most behavioural problems. That’s the finding from 2010 research supported by the World Health Organization, which included an overview of the mental health of Canadians ages 11 to 15. The study also revealed that youths who are both the perpetrators and victims of bullying are at a particularly high risk for both emotional and behavioural challenges.

Do peers play a major role in bullying?

image014

Answer: According to one study in about 85% of bullying incidents that occurred on a school playground, peers watched the bullying happen. This research found that during a bullying incident, 54% of the time peers watched the bully, 25% of the time peers watched the victimized child and 21% of the time peers joined in the bullying. The researchers argue that children who are bystanders to bullying learn about the negative use of power and aggression in relationships, and that over time, bullying behaviour becomes normalized. However, when peers intervened, the bullying usually ended within 10 seconds.

Are children with an exceptionality are more likely to be bullied?

image016

Answer: According to research compiled by PREVNet, children who have a physical, psychological, behavioural or learning disability, have a minority sexual orientation, are gifted or are overweight are more likely to be victims of bullying. When it comes to children with autism, the July 2013 study from the journal Autism found that students with the developmental delay are more likely to be bullied at a mainstream versus a special needs school likely because of the smaller class sizes and higher teacher-pupil ratio at specialized schools.

Is electronic bullying as serious as physical, social/relational or verbal bullying?

image020

Answer: PREVNet research reveals the harmful consequences of digital bullying, which can occur via text/picture/video phone messages, emails, chatrooms, websites and instant messages. Those who have been on the receiving end of electronic bullying are more likely to have psychological, behavioural and academic problems, such as higher rates of depression, bringing a weapon to school, skipping school, being suspended and failing a grade. Cyber-bullies, meanwhile, have shown higher rates of using substances and engaging in rule-breaking behaviour.

Is cyber-bullying conducted equally by both girls and boys?

image025

Answer: In an April 2013 study that surveyed 1,236 teachers , 57% said cyber-bullying is conducted mainly by girls; 42% indicated it was conducted equally by boys and girls; and only 2% said it was conducted mainly by boys. This finding is similar to another 2012 study which reported that school staff perceived electronic bullying as performed mainly by girls. However, the teachers in the first study said instances of verbal and social/relational bullying were brought to their attention more frequently than cyber-bullying.

102